Temple of Literature Quoc Tu Giam – The symbol of Vietnamese tradition of fondness for learning

Thứ Tư, 14/4/2021| 13:41

As a nation that "carrying a sword at the back, hand still softly holding a pen", Vietnamese people have a tradition of fondness for learning and an ideal for studying in order to serve life and the country. In Hanoi, there is a special historical site that attracts Vietnamese people and international delegations when visiting the Capital. That is the relic of Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam.

Temple of Literature Quoc Tu Giam – The symbol of Vietnamese tradition of fondness for learning

A number of leaders from other countries in the world, when coming here, have admired the long history of the relic. When talking about the thousand-year-old tradition of Thang Long - Dong Do - Hanoi, it is impossible not to mention the relic Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam, historical relics associated with the establishment of Thang Long capital through a thousand years of history. 

The golden pages of Dai Viet culture still known: Starting from the autumn of August, the year of Canh Tuat, the second reign of Than Vu, in 1070, just a short time after the Ly dynasty moved the capital, King Ly Thanh Tong approved the construction of the Temple of Literature right at the Thang Long capital, then opened the first Confucian examination department, built the Quoc Tu Giam, gave birth to the country's first university. The birth of the Temple of Literature is not only a milestone marking the official reception of Confucianism into Vietnam. This is also a great source of encouragement for contemporary education, creating a base for the production of talents for the country.

Temple of Literature Quoc Tu Giam – The symbol of Vietnamese tradition of fondness for learning

During the process of formation and development, continuing the moments of history, the dynasties of the Vietnamese empire: Ly, Tran, Le, Nguyen all left their mark in this place. 

In particular, in 1484, King Le Thanh Tong built steles for those who passed the doctorate exam from the 1442 exam onwards. In obedience to King Le when creating the epitaph Quoc Tu Giam temple in Hanoi, the head of Quoc Tu Giam Than Nhan Trung carved a famous sentence "... Intelligence is the national energy resource, they grow strong, the country is prosperous otherwise the original energy is weak, the country is poor and low. Therefore, the emperors of any dynasty have no way not to consider the education of talents, the picky of the soldiers, and cultivating the national spirit to be the necessary work ... ".

The Temple of Literature - Quoc Tu Giam is a historical relic that represents the process of cultural and educational development in Vietnam, so it was approved by the Ministry of Culture (nowadays is the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) ranking as historical and cultural relics on April 28, 1962. 

On the eve of the 1000-year-old Thang Long-Hanoi event, the epitaph of all doctors in Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam was awarded the title of World Documentary Heritage under UNESCO's World Memory program. Over 1000 years of history, this place still retains the ancient look with architectural features of many Vietnamese dynasties that deserve to be preserved forever. Visiting Van Mieu today, not only Vietnamese generations but also many international friends cannot help admiring the talented elite of Vietnam.


According to Duy Tung