Overview of the Dien Bien Phu campaign on May 7, 1954

Chủ nhật, 2/5/2021| 20:05

The Battle of Đien Bien Phu also known as the Tran Dinh Campaign, was the biggest battle in the First Indochina War out at Muong Thanh basin, Chau Dien Bien, Lai Chau province (now in Dien Bien Phu city, Dien Bien province) between the Vietnam People's Army and the French Union Army (including the French Expeditionary Force, the Army Corps Le Duong Phap, the indigenous assistant force and the Vietnam National Army).

Overview of the Dien Bien Phu campaign on May 7, 1954illustrating figure


This is the biggest military victory in the Indochina War (1945 - 1954) of Vietnam. With this decisive victory, the Vietnamese People's Army led by General Vo Nguyen Giap, forced the French army at Dien Bien Phu to surrender in May 1954, after two months of fighting. In the midst of this battle, the French had increased to 16,200 but still could not withstand the stormy attacks of the Vietnam People's Army. The French were unable to pacify Vietnam despite years of fighting and with increasingly deep US support and involvement. The French did not have any ability to continue fighting in Vietnam after this defeat.

Overview of the Dien Bien Phu campaign on May 7, 1954illustrating images


On the international level, this campaign has a great significance and has entered human history, because this is the first time the army of a once colonized country in Asia defeated the modern and old army of a European power, aided by American allies in a major military campaign. Considered a sudden disaster for the French colonialists and also a blow to the Western world, defeated France's will to maintain colonial Indochina and forced the country to negotiate and withdrew from Indochina. With belief strongly encouraged by this victory, the French colonies in Africa also rebelled. In 1960 alone, 17 African countries gained independence and by 1967, France was forced to give independence to most of their former colonies.

Thereby, the victory of the Vietnam People's Army in the Dien Bien Phu Campaign is also seen as a milestone marking the complete failure of France in its attempt to rebuild Indochina colonies in particular and the colonial empire. generally after World War II, thereby ending more than 400 years of old colonialism in the world.

By Bao Nguyet